Australian Kelpie coats and colours
 
  The variety of colouration and coat types puts the Kelpie in a select group, as it is not possible to look at an unidentified dog and classify it as a Kelpie. Kelpies referred to as Red Cloud Kelpies have features with white markings on the face, chest, and feet.

The working Kelpie comes in three coat types, smooth, short and rough with almost every colour from black through to light or cream. Some Kelpies have a white blaze on the chest, a few have white points. Kelpies sometimes have a double coat, which sheds out in spring in temperate climates. Agouti is not unusual and can look like a double coat. Ears are pricked, but a few will have one or both ears flopped; the tail will often follow the coat type, and will vary between smooth to bushy.

Show Kelpies are restricted to solid colours (black, chocolate, red, smoky blue, fawn, black and tan, red and tan) in a short double coat and pricked ears. Show Kelpies are generally heavier and shorter than working Kelpies.
 
 
 

 

  Border Collie coats, colours and markings
 
  Border Collie coats can be anywhere from short and slick to lush and long, and they can come in many colours, although black and white is by far the most common. Other colours include black tricolour (black/tan/white or sable and white), chocolate and white, red and white (ranging from pale to deeper), red tricolour (red/tan/white), blue, lilac, red merle, blue merle and brindle.

Markings can include split face, heavy ticking (spotting), solid white face, as well as extensive white markings on the body ("piebald").

The colours recognised in the show ring are black and white, blue and white, chocolate and white, red and white, blue merle and black tri (black/tan/white).